Johor Bahru (Malaysian pronunciation: [ˈjohorˈbahru], formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri in the Malay language, is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia. As of the 2010 Malaysian census, Johor Bahru has a population of 497,067 and it is the country's second largest city and the southernmost city in the Malay Peninsula.
Johor Bahru was founded in 1855 as Iskandar Puteri when the Sultanate of Johor came under the influence of Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim. It was administered from Telok Blangah in Singapore. The area gradually developed into an agricultural centre when the Chinese and the Javanese migrated into the area. The area was renamed 'Johor Bahru' in 1862 and became the capital of the Sultanate.